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Zambian TikTok star shuns trolls to build village school
Popular Zambian tiktoker Dora Moono Nyambe with students at her school in Mapapa, Zambia in this undated photograph. Joseph Schmitt/Thomson Reuters Foundation
What’s the context?
Dora Moono Nyambe has amassed four million followers online, and raised thousands of dollars for her school in rural Zambia
- Dora Moono Nyambe uses TikTok to document village life
- Her followers have donated to build school, hire teachers
- Nyambe has faced trolling and accusations of 'charity porn'
When Zambian teacher Dora Moono Nyambe started posting videos on TikTok three years ago, she had to ask her daughter's 13-year-old friend how to use the popular social media platform.
Today, Nyambe has amassed four million TikTok followers with colourful videos of daily life in her village of Mapapa - and raised almost $500,000 to bring education to hundreds of marginalised rural children.
"I had no idea when I first started using TikTok - so I just started showing how life in the village was," Nyambe told Context via video call from the Zambian capital Lusaka.
"How we lived under the thatch roof, how we cook on open fire and how we used to teach under a tree as there was no proper school for the children. The response was overwhelming - people were so interested."
Nyambe, 30, started a crowdfunding appeal in 2020 with the aim of building a school for the children of Mapapa - located 280 km (175 miles) north of Lusaka.
While some critics have accused her of so-called "charity porn" - meaning using media that exploits the lives of vulnerable people to generate donations or publicity - Nyambe said she should be judged by the impact of her work.
In three years, she has founded a charity called "Footprints of Hope" and built a school which has 350 children and 24 teachers. It has 12 classrooms, a kitchen, dining hall, dormitories and a science laboratory.
The TikTok star - who has 13 adopted and 150 foster children - has also installed four water boreholes in Mapapa, and hired teachers to work in schools in neighbouring villages.
Teen pregnancies, child brides
While nearly 72% of Zambian children complete primary school, there are considerable regional disparities that mask the lack of education in many rural areas, according to the U.N. children's agency (UNICEF).
Girls are more disadvantaged than boys and have higher dropout rates in upper primary and secondary grades due to factors like teenage pregnancy, child marriage and a lack of menstrual hygiene facilities in schools, UNICEF adds.
Almost one in three Zambian girls becomes a mother by age 18, according to government data. A similar percentage are married by the time they reach adulthood, according to campaign group Girls Not Brides.
Nyambe, who is not originally from Mapapa, said she visited the village in late 2019 to see a friend's family and was shocked by the number of children who were out of school, and high rates of early marriage and teen pregnancies.
"As a teacher, as a human being, I felt I had to do something to bring education to these children," said Nyambe.
With her savings and her then five adopted children, Nyambe moved to Mapapa, bought a plot of land, and started teaching the village children under a tree in the hope that she would eventually be able to build a school.
Soon she began documenting her life on TikTok: creating videos of her cooking or dancing with her students, buying food for her children, and having conversations with them about issues from climate change to child marriage.
"I just tried different things and the TikTok posts seemed to get a lot of likes and comments ... people wanted to know more and wanted to help me," said Nyambe.
Nyambe's videos now attract tens of thousands of views - even drawing the attention of U.S. popstar Meghan Trainor, who shared one of Nyambe's videos of the school dormitories set to Trainor's hit song "Made you look".
Nyambe's charity funds the school, and also supports rural children through food distribution, clothing drives and health assistance.
A book titled "Under a Zambian Tree" documenting her journey was released on Feb. 7, with proceeds of the first 5,000 copies going towards her charity.
Nyambe said she has had to negotiate with villagers to allow their children to attend school, and has rescued many girls from child marriages - often having to reimburse the families for the cost spent on their weddings.
The former English teacher has faced online abuse, with some accusing her of "charity porn" and exploiting the students for personal gain.
Nyambe said much of the negativity came from people in Zambia who said she was a fraud or painting a bad image of the southern African country.
"Most comments are positive, but on almost every post, there will be a comment where I am accused of being a scammer, stealing money or exploiting the children," she said.
"The trolling used to bother me a ton. But with everything comes growth ... I know I am not using the children and if people came to Mapapa, they would see it too."
Another impending challenge is a possible ban of Chinese-owned TikTok in the United States, from where she gets most of her followers and donations.
Nyambe said she planned to grow her following on other platforms like Instagram and YouTube, and wants the school to become more financially self-sufficient through activities like raising chickens and planting kitchen gardens.
But she cannot imagine leaving TikTok behind.
"There is no way I would have been able to achieve what I have if it wasn't for all the TikTokers who have supported me," said Nyambe.
(Reporting by Nita Bhalla; Editing by Sonia Elks.)
- Wealth inequality
- Economic inclusion
- Social media