FIFA's Zimbabwe ban shatters dreams of women soccer players
2016 Rio Olympics - Soccer - Preliminary - Women's First Round - Group F Zimbabwe v Germany - Corinthians Arena - Sao Paulo, Brazil - 03/08/2016. Kudakwashe Bhasopo (ZIM) of Zimbabwe and Leonie Maier (GER) of Germany in action. REUTERS/Paulo Whitaker
What’s the context?
Top female footballers are reeling from lost pay and career opportunities after FIFA banned Zimbabwe from international fixtures
- FIFA suspended Zimbabwe FA over government interference
- Poorly-funded women's game hard hit by match ban
- Women struggle with loss of fees, career opportunities
HARARE - Zimbabwean soccer player Marjory Nyaumwe is used to carrying her country's hopes as part of the women's national "Mighty Warriors" team.
But she can barely afford to travel to training sessions since global governing body FIFA banned Zimbabwe from international matches last year, leaving top players facing a sharp drop in income and an uncertain future.
"We get allowances when we play international games which can last us for several months. But when we are not playing like this it gets tough," centre-forward Nyaumwe, 35, told Context.
"The money I had in my savings from the last match we played against South Africa in 2021 is running out. I cannot even afford to fill the tank of my car."
FIFA suspended Zimbabwe's football association last year in a crackdown on government interference.
Female footballers have been worst hit, said players and experts, as they have worse pay and terms than male players and rely more on fees from international fixtures.
A women's national team player, who declined to be named, said the international match ban meant she could no longer afford to financially support her mother.
"Before the ban, we could get some allowances (for matches). It was little but helpful. Right now I am struggling," she said.
She, like other players, also worries the FIFA ban means she is missing out on career opportunities.
"We get exposure when we are playing for the national team," she said.
"I was hoping this year I'd be picked by some foreign clubs, but when I'm grounded like this they won't even notice me."
'Don't let our game die'
Top-level soccer offers the hope of a well-paid international career for female players in Zimbabwe, a country battling to recover from a decades-long economic crisis and where women have relatively few good job opportunities.
Players on the women's national team are only paid when they compete, and do not have contracts to lay out how much they will get per match, according to a player who spoke on condition of anonymity and a former member of the Zimbabwe Football Association (ZIFA) who also asked not to be named.
Xolisani Gwesela, the chief operations officer at ZIFA, said all players for both men's and women's national team have contracts. He said information on pay is confidential, and declined to comment further.
Women's teams and leagues generally lack sponsors and local matches are typically not broadcast on television, the former ZIFA member added, denying clubs of income from broadcasting rights in a male-dominated sport.
Many top female players see international contests as a way to showcase their skills in the hope of winning contracts in other countries where pay is higher, she said.
FIFA banned ZIFA in February after the government dissolved ZIFA's board over allegations of corruption, misadministration and sexual harassment of female match officials.
The government has since reinstated some of ZIFA's board, but FIFA has said it will not lift the ban until the government fully reverses the suspensions.
The row could deter other women and girls from taking up the sport, said Blessing Malinganiza, a sports reporter at tabloid newspaper H-Metro.
"They shouldn't let our game die, they should consider the opportunity these young girls are missing," she said.
While the impasse between the government and FIFA continues, Nyaumwe worries the clock is ticking on her career, with many professional players retiring by their late 30s.
"Morale is down. I feel let down, though my coach encourages me to keep on practicing," she said.
"My biggest fear is that by the time the ban will be lifted, my age will limit my performance."
(Reporting by Farai Shawn Matiashe; Editing by Nita Bhalla and Sonia Elks.)
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